The Stages of Gum Disease

Are your gums sensitive to hot or cold foods and drinks? Do your gums bleed when you brush your teeth? The team at Bethesda Dental Implant Center can help. Periodontitis, or gum disease, is a common yet highly damaging dental problem. Gum disease can begin as gum irritation. Over time, gum disease can lead to gum recession and even tooth loss. Dr. Roy Eskow provides treatment to patients with gum disease in Bethesda, MD. With his dental professionals, Dr. Eskow helps patients find the right treatments for their specific gum problems. Whether you’re in the earliest stage of gum disease or have severe gum issues, Dr. Eskow can help.

gum disease in Bethesda, MD

Stages of Gum Disease

Here you can learn a bit more about each stage of gum disease as well as the symptoms that accompany each stage:

  • Gingivitis: The earliest sign of gum disease is gum inflammation or gingivitis. Patients with gingivitis may experience bad breath, spaces between teeth, bleeding when brushing and flossing, or swollen gums. This stage may be reversed with antibacterial rinses and dental cleanings.
  • Slight Periodontal Disease: At this stage, the disease reaches the bone. As a result, patients are more prone to bone loss as the infection worsens. It will become difficult to reverse gum disease as it continues to spread.
  • Moderate Periodontal Disease: As gum disease progresses, the gums recede and teeth become loose. Patients lose more of the supporting bone tissue in their mouth. In addition, patients may require oral surgery to restore health to their teeth and gums.
  • Advanced Periodontal Disease: In the final stage of gum disease, patients have major abscesses in their gums. Patients may experience bone loss or deep gum pockets. Oral surgery and restorative care is needed to treat patients with advanced gum disease.

Treating Gum Disease in Bethesda, MD

Antibacterial rinses are used to minimize harmful bacteria in the mouth. We offer antibacterial rinses at regular dental appointments and at dental cleanings to prevent earlier stages of gum disease. In addition, we can recommend scaling and root planing for a deeper clean.

Scaling and root planing are used in tandem to remove bacteria from the teeth and gums. During scaling treatment, we remove plaque and bacteria from around and beneath the gums. Plaque is a sticky bacterial film that becomes tartar once it hardens. Tartar, also known as calculus, can be difficult to remove. However, our hygienists use specialized dental tools to easily remove these deposits. Then, after scaling, our hygienists smooth the tooth roots during root planing treatment.

Gum grafting is a great treatment option for patients with gum pockets. Grafting takes healthy gum tissue from one area of the mouth and places it over deep gum pockets. Gum grafting creates healthier gums and prevents tooth loss.

Treat Your Gum Health Today

Have you noticed symptoms of gum disease? Call us for treatment today. If you are a new patient, call (301) 200-5222. Current patients may call (301) 493-6200. Schedule a dental appointment with Dr. Eskow online today. At your next dental visit, please let us know if you have any questions or concerns.